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Disease Prevention

Association of State and Territorial Health Officials

The Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO) is the national nonprofit organization representing the state and territorial public health agencies of the United States, the U.S. territories, and the District of Columbia. ASTHO's members, the chief health officials of these jurisdictions, are dedicated to formulating and influencing sound public health policy, and to assuring excellence in state-based public health.

Review Date: November 02, 2011

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Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's (AHRQ) mission is to improve the quality, safety, efficiency, and effectiveness of health care for all Americans. Information from AHRQ's research helps people make more informed decisions and improve the quality of health care services. AHRQ was formerly known as the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research.

Review Date: June 21, 2011

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CDC National Prevention Information Network

THE CDC National Prevention Information Network (NPIN) is the U.S. reference and referral service for information on HIV/AIDS, viral hepatitis, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and tuberculosis (TB). NPIN is a next-generation clearinghouse that collects and disseminates data and materials to support the work of prevention organizations and workers in international, national, state, and local settings. Our services are designed to facilitate program collaboration in sharing information, resources, published materials, research, and trends among the four diseases.

Review Date: March 08, 2013

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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - CDC
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), a part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, is the primary Federal agency for conducting and supporting public health activities in the United States. CDC's Mission is to collaborate to create the expertise, information, and tools that people and communities need to protect their health – through health promotion, prevention of disease, injury and disability, and preparedness for new health threats. CDC is composed of the Office of the Director, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Center for Global Health, and five Offices, including Public Health Preparedness and Response; State and Local Support; Surveillance, Epidemiology and Laboratory Services; Noncommunicable Diseases, Injury and Environmental Health; and Infectious Diseases. CDC employs more than 15,000 employees in more than 50 countries and in 168 occupational categories.

Review Date: February 27, 2013

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National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion - NCCDPHP
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

The CDC's National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP) consists of nine divisions that support a variety of activities that improve the nation's health by preventing chronic diseases and their risk factors. Program activities include supporting states’ implementation of public health programs; public health surveillance; translation research; and developing tools and resources for stakeholders at the national, state, and community levels. The Center’s surveillance activities provide data and statistics relevant to each of its program areas.

Review Date: August 09, 2011

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National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CDC's National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID) aims to detect, prevent, and control infectious diseases from spreading, whether they are naturally occurring, unintentional, or the result of terrorism. With a focus on diseases that have been around for many years, emerging diseases (those that are new or just recently identified), and zoonotic diseases (those spread from animals to people), NCEZID's work recognizes the vital interconnectedness of microbes and the environment, and involves many scientific disciplines to attain better health for humans and animals and improve our environment. Each of the center’s seven divisions works with partners to protect and improve the public’s health in the United States and worldwide.

Review Date: July 18, 2011

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National Center for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Veterans Health Administration

The National Center for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention (NCHP) monitors and encourages Veterans Health Administration (VHA) activities that provide, evaluate and improve preventive medicine services. The Center serves as a resource for inquiry about health promotion strategies, VA policy and model programs, education of veterans, staff and trainees and as a source for data about VHA prevention programs.

Review Date: April 13, 2010

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National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CDC's National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention maximizes public health and safety nationally and internationally through the elimination, prevention, and control of disease, disability, and death caused by HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STDs and TB. Center staff work in collaboration with governmental and nongovernmental partners at community, State, national, and international levels, applying well-integrated multidisciplinary programs of research, surveillance, technical assistance, and evaluation.

Review Date: August 10, 2011

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National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases - NCIRD
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

The mission of the National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD) is the prevention of disease, disability, and death through immunization and by control of respiratory and related diseases. NCIRD balances its efforts in the domestic and global arenas as well as accommodates the specific needs of all populations at risk of vaccine preventable diseases from children to older adults.

Review Date: August 10, 2011

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National Health Information Center - NHIC
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

The National Health Information Center (NHIC) is a health information referral service sponsored by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. NHIC puts health professionals and consumers who have health questions in touch with those organizations that are best able to provide answers. Using a database that contains descriptions of health-related organizations, NHIC staff refer people to the most appropriate resource. Spanish language information specialists are available.

Review Date: July 14, 2011

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National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health - NIOSH
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is a Federal agency established by the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 with responsibility for conducting research and making recommendations for the prevention of work-related illness and injuries. The Institute's day-to-day functions include: investigating potentially hazardous working conditions as requested by employers or employees; evaluating hazards in the workplace, ranging from chemicals to machinery; creating and disseminating methods for preventing disease, injury, and disability; and conducting research and providing scientifically valid recommendations for protecting workers.

Review Date: July 20, 2011

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National Institutes of Health - NIH
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

The NIH mission is to uncover new knowledge that will lead to better health for everyone. NIH provides leadership and direction to programs designed to improve the health of the Nation by supporting research: in the causes, diagnosis, prevention, and cure of human diseases; in the processes of human growth and development; in the biological effects of environmental contaminants in the understanding of mental, addictive and physical disorders; in directing programs for the collection, dissemination, and exchange of information in medicine and health, including the development and support of medical libraries and the training of medical librarians and other health information specialists. Compromised of 27 seperate Institutes and Centers, NIH is located in Bethesda, Maryland. NIH provides information and materials to assist the general public, professional public, and media representatives in understanding the new and developing health advances from the NIH.

Review Date: August 17, 2011

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National Vaccine Program Office, U.S Department of Health and Human Services

The National Vaccine Program Office coordinates vaccine-related activities between other Department of Health and Human Services agencies, and provides leadership to carry out the disease-prevention goals of the National Vaccine Plan. This site provides information about the National Vaccine Plan and National Vaccine Advisory Committee.

Review Date: August 19, 2011

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Navy Environmental Health Center

The mission of this branch of the armed services is to ensure Navy and Marine Corps readiness through leadership in prevention of disease and promotion of health. To achieve this goal, NEHC's vision is: to be dynamic, responsive, and innovative; to be global partners in public health: to have senior specialists and specialty leaders compete for assignment to this command; encourage a work environment that fosters team building and empowers each individual to be a leader; to develop and reinforce the definitive expertise as well as the skills necessary for individuals to participate fully as respected members of a team; to use state-of-the-art facilities and equipment that enhance teamwork and information exchange; and to provide proactive and responsive service.

Review Date: February 05, 2009

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NIH National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences - NIEHS

The mission of the NIEHS is to reduce the burden of human illness and disability by understanding how the environment influences the development and progression of human disease. To have the greatestimpact on preventing disease and improving human health, the NIEHS focuses on basic science, disease-oriented research, global environmental health, and multidisciplinary training for researchers. The NIEHS achieves its mission through: Extramural research and training, funded by grants and contracts, to scientists, environmental health professionals, and other groups worldwide, Intramural research conducted by scientists at the NIEHS facility and in partnership with scientists at universities and hospitals, Toxicological testing and test validation by the National Toxicology Program, and Outreach and communications programs that provide reliable health information to the public and scientific resources to researchers.

Review Date: July 12, 2011

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Office of Air and Radiation, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Some of EPA's top priorities are to improve air quality, take action on climate change, and clean up our communities. EPA's work on these priorities falls under the Clean Air Act and includes developing national programs, technical policies and regulations for controlling air pollution and radiation exposure. These efforts help protect the health of all Americans by preventing pollution and increasing energy efficiency, improving indoor and outdoor air quality, reducing industrial air pollution and pollution from vehicles and engines, protecting the stratospheric ozone layer, reducing acid rain, and addressing climate change.

Review Date: April 28, 2011

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Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

The mission of the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP) is to provide leadership for disease prevention and health promotion among Americans. ODPHP undertakes this mandate through the formulation of national health goals and objectives; the coordination of the Department of Health and Human Services activities in disease prevention, health promotion, preventive health services, and health information and education with respect to the appropriate use of health care; and the stimulation of public and private programs and strategies to enhance the health of the Nation. ODPHP is organized around four areas: prevention policy, clinical preventive services, nutrition policy, health communication, and Telehealth. ODPHP's Prevention Policy oversaw the development of HEALTHY PEOPLE 2000, the national prevention agenda, and manages the process by which progress is monitored. ODPHP's Clinical Preventive Services staff promote the appropriate use of immunizations, screening tests, patient counseling, and other prevention activities in clinical settings. The staff coordinate the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force and its development of age- and sex-specific guidelines for preventive services. ODPHP acts as a catalyst for activities that strengthen the Department's capabilities and national leadership in nutrition research, nutrition monitoring, nutrition services and training, nutrition education, food safety and quality, and international nutrition. ODPHP promotes improved access to health information through coordination of Federal health information resources and partnerships with local channels, such as libraries. ODPHP manages the Federal gateway to consumer health information on the Internet, healthfinder (www.healthfinder.gov). ODPHP also operates the National Health Information Center (NHIC). The Science Panel on Interactive Communication and Health (SciPICH) is promoting the evaluation of effective communication technology for health information and education.

Review Date: August 31, 2011

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Office of Public Health Genomics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

The Office of Public Health Genomics (OPHG) aims to integrate genomics into public health research, policy, and programs, which could improve interventions designed to prevent and control the country’s leading chronic, infectious, environmental, and occupational diseases.

Review Date: August 01, 2011

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Office of the Secretary, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

The Department of Health and Human Services is the United States government's principal agency for protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services, especially for those who are least able to help themselves. The Department includes more than 300 programs, covering a wide spectrum of activities. Some highlights include medical and social science research; preventing outbreak of infectious disease, including immunization services; assuring food and drug safety; Medicare (health insurance for elderly and disabled Americans) and Medicaid (health insurance for low-income people); financial assistance for low-income families (AFDC); child support enforcement; improving maternal and infant health; Head Start (pre-school education and services); preventing child abuse and domestic violence; substance abuse treatment and prevention; and services for older Americans, including home-delivered meals HHS is the largest grant-making agency in the federal government, providing some 60,000 grants per year. HHS' Medicare program is the nation's largest health insuror, handling more than 800 million claims per year. HHS works closely with State and local governments, and many HHS-funded services are provided at the local level by state or county agencies, or through private sector grantees. The Department's programs are administered by 11 HHS operating divisions. In addition to the services they deliver, the HHS programs provide for equitable treatment of beneficiaries nationwide, and they enable the collection of national health and other data.

Review Date: August 30, 2011

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White House Initiative on Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders

The vision of the White House Initiative on Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPI) is to "create productive and meaningful change in Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) communities." Towards the accomplishment of this vision the President has appointed a fifteen-member Commission composed of AAPI leaders to advise him on three major goals: develop, monitor and coordinate federal efforts to improve Asian American and Pacific Islander participation in government programs; foster research and data collection for AAPI populations and sub-populations; and increase public and private sector and community involvement in improving the health and well-being of Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPI). Visit this agency's web site to learn more about the activities and progress of the AAPI initiative.

Review Date: May 01, 2009

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American Cancer Society

The American Cancer Society (ACS) was originally established as the American Society for the Control of Cancer in 1913, and became the ACS in 1945. ACS is the voluntary organization dedicated to eliminating cancer as a major health problem. It conducts and supports programs of research, education, and service to the cancer patient. The Society's immediate goal of saving more lives is served through educating the public about prevention and early detection of cancer, the importance of prompt treatment, and the possibilities of cure, through educating the medical profession to the latest advances in diagnosis and treatment of cancer, and through direct service to the cancer patient and the patient's family. Public education activities include a toll-free cancer information services publication of a variety of pamphlets, educational programs conducted in schools and communities, and presentation of materials in the mass media. The Society has a comprehensive professional education program designed to motivate physicians, dentists, and nurses to use the best cancer management techniques. The Society conducts service and rehabilitation programs for cancer patients and their families. ACS supports cancer research through several types of research grants and disseminates the research results. ACS has 17 divisions as well as over 3400 local units.

Review Date: June 25, 2009

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American College of Preventive Medicine

The American College of Preventive Medicine (ACPM) helps to improve the health of individuals and populations through evidence based health promotion, disease prevention, and systems-based approaches to improving health and health care.

Review Date: December 07, 2011

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American Foundation for AIDS Research

AmFAR is a nonprofit organization dedicated to the support of AIDS research (both basic-biomedical and clinical research), AIDS prevention, and the advocacy of sound AIDS-related public policy. To fund its research, advocacy, and public information programs, AmFAR mobilizes the good will, energy, and generosity of caring people everywhere to unite in support of the research effort that ultimately is the only means through which a solution to the epidemic of HIV/AIDS will be found. Since 1985, AmFAR has invested more than $140 million to support its programs, primarily through grants to more than 1,700 research teams.

Review Date: April 10, 2012

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American Osteopathic Association

Representing more than 78,000 osteopathic physicians (DOs) around the world, the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) serves as the professional family for all DOs and osteopathic medical students. In addition to serving as the primary certifying body for DOs, the AOA is the accrediting agency for all osteopathic medical schools and has federal authority to accredit hospitals and other health care facilities.

Review Date: December 16, 2011

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Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America

The Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America (AAFA) is a non-profit health organization dedicated to finding a cure for and controlling asthma and allergies. Founded in 1953, AAFA serves the 60 million Americans with asthma and allergic diseases by supporting scientific research, patient education programs, public and governmental advocacy and a network of chapters and educational support groups throughout the nation. Complementing these efforts is AAFA's Asthma and Allergy Awareness Month activities each May and ongoing public education campaigns.

Review Date: March 28, 2011

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BrightFocus Foundation

BrightFocus Foundation is a registered 501(c)(3) non-profit organization that funds research into cures for Alzheimer’s disease, macular degeneration and glaucoma, and provides the public with information about risk factors, preventative lifestyles, available treatments and coping strategies.

Review Date: March 14, 2013

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Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion/CDC

CDC's Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention works to improve cardiovascular health through public health strategies and policies that promote healthy lifestyles and behaviors, healthy environments and communities, and access to early and affordable detection and treatment. CDC employs science, connections, and action to prevent, detect, and improve standards of care for heart disease and stroke and to reduce associated health disparities. CDC provides funding, technical support, and resources to state health departments, tribes, and other partners.

Review Date: July 13, 2011

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Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion/CDC

CDC’s National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP) is at the forefront of the nation's efforts to prevent and control chronic diseases. The Division of Adult and Community Health (DACH) is charged with managing programs that provide cross-cutting, chronic disease and health promotion expertise. DACH's activities include Communities Putting Prevention to Work, a program developed to impact the nation’s health by reducing chronic diseases related to obesity and tobacco. In addition to supporting programs that foster healthy aging and healthy communities, DASH's Prevention Research Centers (PRC), an interdependent network of community, academic, and public health partners, conduct prevention research and promote the wide use of practices proven to promote good health.

Review Date: July 13, 2011

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Hepatitis Foundation International

The mission of the Hepatitis Foundation International (HFI) is to educate the public, patients, and professionals about the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of viral hepatitis and other preventable liver diseases. HFI serves as an advocate for patients and the medical community worldwide. HFI conducts Foundation For Decision Making education and train-the-trainer programs for healthcare professionals, social workers, counselors, educators and the public. It promotes preventive education and healthy lifestyles with its award winning videos and materials on liver wellness and the prevention of hepatitis and substance abuse. The Foundation collaborates with SAMHSA, CDC, OMH, other government and non-government agencies, the corporate community and lay organizations to encourage their participation in Partners in Liver Wellness, a multifaceted hepatitis and substance abuse prevention initiative. HFI also has a second web site: www.partnersinliverwellness.org

Review Date: February 26, 2013

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Intercultural Cancer Council

The Intercultural Cancer Council (ICC) promotes policies, programs, partnerships, and research to eliminate the unequal burden of cancer among racial and ethnic minorities and medically underserved populations in the United States and its associated territories. The ICC works in partnership with both federal and private agencies and institutions.

Review Date: December 11, 2008

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National Eating Disorders Association

The National Eating Disorders Association (NEDA) is a non-profit organization dedicated to supporting individuals and families affected by eating disorders. NEDA campaigns for prevention, improved access to quality treatment, and increased research funding to better understand and treat eating disorders. NEDA works with partners and volunteers to develop programs and tools to help everyone who seeks assistance, including NEDAwareness Week. NEDA's confidential national toll-free helpline assists families, friends and individuals find appropriate treatment in addition to support through NEDA's Parent, Family & Friends Network (PFN).

Review Date: January 19, 2012

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Organization for Safety & Asepsis Procedures

The mission of this organization is to promote dental infection control and related science-based health and safety policies and practices. OSAP supports this commitment to the dental workers and the public through quality education and information dissemination. OSAP's membership comprises individual dentists, hygienists, assistants, physicians, nurses, students, researchers, educators, policymakers, industry representatives, and agency and association staff members with an interest in dental infection control, occupational health, and practice safety.

Review Date: August 19, 2010

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Pan American Health Organization

The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), Regional Office for the Americas of the World Health Organization (WHO), was formerly known as the International Sanitary Bureau. It is composed of 35 member governments in the Americas and three European governments. PAHO, in its centennial year of existence, serves the health needs of the population of the Americas. The Organization continuously strives to address the health problems and inequities of the Americas, so that all citizens of the Region may lead socially and economically productive lives. PAHO's website provides general information about both itself and WHO, answers inquiries, and provides information on a variety of international health subjects in English and in Spanish.

Review Date: July 01, 2008

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Rural Center for AIDS/STD Prevention

The major focus of the Rural Center for AIDS/STD Prevention (RCAP) is the promotion of HIV/STD prevention in rural America, with the goal of reducing HIV/STD incidence. The RCAP develops and evaluates educational materials and approaches, examines the behavioral and social barriers to HIV/STD prevention which can be applied to prevention programming, and provides prevention resources to professionals and the public. The Center, which began operations in 1994, is headquartered at Indiana University and is a joint project of Indiana University, Purdue University, and Texas A&M University.

Review Date: December 16, 2008

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Skin Cancer Foundation

This nonprofit, public foundation is concerned with increasing public awareness of the sun's harmful rays and stresses the importance of preventive measures against the damaging effects of ultraviolet radiation. The Foundation encourages people to recognize skin cancer early, when detection and prompt treatment hold the best chance for effective management and survival. The Foundation conducts public and medical education programs and provides support for medical research on skin cancer. Under the Foundation's aegis, skin cancer authorities from here and abroad recurrently meet in a World Congress on Cancers of the Skin to exchange views and present findings from their clinical studies and basic research into the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of skin cancer.

Review Date: August 18, 2010

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Stanford Prevention Research Center

The Stanford Prevention Research Center was formed at Stanford University in 1984 to conduct interdisciplinary research into the prevention and control of chronic disease. Funded by Stanford University and state, federal, and private grants, the SPRC is founded on a population- or community-level perspective of disease prevention and health promotion.

Review Date: October 18, 2011

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The Cleveland Clinic Foundation

Cleveland Clinic, located in Cleveland, Ohio, is a not-for-profit multispecialty academic medical center that integrates clinical and hospital care with research and education. Cleveland Clinic was founded in 1921 by four renowned physicians with a vision of providing outstanding patient care based upon the principles of cooperation, compassion and innovation. About 2,000 full-time salaried physicians and researchers and 7,600 nurses at Cleveland Clinic represent more than 100 medical specialties and subspecialties. In addition to its main campus, Cleveland Clinic operates nine regional hospitals in Northeast Ohio, Cleveland Clinic Florida, the Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health in Las Vegas and Cleveland Clinic Canada. In 2008, there were more than 4.2 million visits throughout the Cleveland Clinic health system and 165,000 hospital admissions. Patients came for treatment from every state and from more than 80 countries.

Review Date: April 15, 2010

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World Health Organization

The World Health Organization (WHO) came into being on April 7, 1948 when the 26th United Nations member ratified its Constitution. The objective of WHO is the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health. In support of its main objective, the WHO has a wide range of functions including the following: to act as the directing and coordinating authority on international health work; to promote technical cooperation; to assist Governments, upon request, in strengthening health services; to furnish appropriate technical assistance, and in emergencies, necessary aid; to stimulate and advance work on the prevention and control of epidemic, endemic and other diseases; to promote, in cooperation with other specialized agencies where necessary, the improvement of nutrition, housing, sanitation, recreation, economic or working conditions and other aspects of environmental hygiene; to promote and coordinate biomedical and health services research; to promote improved standards of teaching and training in the health, medical and related professions; to establish and stimulate the establishment of international standards for biological, pharmaceutical and similar products, and to standardize diagnostic procedures; and to foster activities in the field of mental health, especially those activities affecting the harmony of human relations. WHO also proposes conventions, agreements, regulations and makes recommendations about international nomenclature of diseases, causes of death and public health practices. It develops, establishes and promotes international standards concerning foods and biological, pharmaceutical and similar substances.

Review Date: January 05, 2009

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YMCA of the USA

The National Council of Young Men's Christian Associations of the United States of America, (The YMCA of the USA), is actively involved in improving spiritual, mental, and physical health through its over 2,000 local member associations. YMCA fitness and health programs are based on preventive health care activities designed to head off heart disease, stroke, and other afflictions before they begin to develop. Prevention programs designed for people of all ages include fitness testing, aerobic conditioning, health education, individual and group fitness regimens, and weight management. Programs geared to children in kindergarten through grade nine combine exercise with educational activities which teach cardiovascular health concepts. Prevention programs for adults offer fitness assessment and development of individualized programs for exercise and conditioning. Intervention programs include a program designed to prevent back pain and educational and rehabilitation programs for cardiac patients. Certification programs are offered for health and fitness instructors. Local YMCAs publish flyers announcing their health and fitness programs.

Review Date: October 14, 2009

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