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Drug Reactions

Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, U.S. Food and Drug Administration

The Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER) performs an essential public health task by making sure that safe and effective drugs are available to improve the health of people in the United States. As part of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), CDER regulates over-the-counter and prescription drugs, including biological therapeutics and generic drugs. This work covers medicines and other drugs, including fluoride toothpaste, antiperspirants, dandruff shampoos and sunscreens.

Review Date: June 28, 2011

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U.S. Food and Drug Administration

FDA is responsible for protecting the public health by assuring the safety, efficacy and security of human and veterinary drugs, biological products, medical devices, our nation’s food supply, cosmetics, and products that emit radiation. FDA is also responsible for advancing the public health by helping to speed innovations that make medicines more effective, safer, and more affordable and by helping the public get the accurate, science-based information they need to use medicines and foods to maintain and improve their health. FDA regulates the manufacturing, marketing and distribution of tobacco products to protect the public health and to reduce tobacco use by minors. Finally, FDA plays a significant role in the Nation’s counterterrorism capability. FDA fulfills this responsibility by ensuring the security of the food supply and by fostering development of medical products to respond to deliberate and naturally emerging public health threats.

Review Date: August 08, 2011

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American College of Medical Toxicology

The American College of Medical Toxicology (ACMT) is a professional, nonprofit association of physicians with recognized expertise in medical toxicology. Medical Toxicology is a medical subspecialty focusing on the diagnosis, management and prevention of poisoning/toxicity and other adverse health effects due to medications, chemicals, occupational and environmental toxins, and biological hazards. Medical Toxicology is officially recognized as a medical subspecialty by the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS). The ACMT is dedicated to advancing the science and practice of medical toxicology.

Review Date: May 04, 2009

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American Society of Consultant Pharmacists

The American Society of Consultant Pharmacists was founded in 1969 to represent the interests of its members and promote safe and effective medication therapy for the nation's long-term care residents. ASCP members serve the full spectrum of long-term care settings, including nursing homes, subacute care and assisted living facilities, psychiatric hospitals, facilities for the mentally retarded, correctional institutions, hospices, and home care.

Review Date: December 12, 2008

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American Society of Health-System Pharmacists

Founded in 1942, the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP) is a national professional association representing pharmacists who practice in hospitals, health maintenance organizations, long-term care facilities, home care agencies, and other components of health care systems. The Society has extensive publishing and educational programs designed to help members improve their delivery of pharmaceutical care, and it is a national accrediting organization for pharmacy residency and pharmacy technician training programs.

Review Date: October 26, 2011

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Family Caregiver Alliance

Founded in 1977, Family Caregiver Alliance was the first community-based nonprofit organization in the country to address the needs of families and friends providing long-term care at home. Long recognized as a pioneer in health services, FCA now offers programs at national, state and local levels to support and sustain caregivers. Family Caregiver Alliance is a public voice for caregivers, illuminating the daily challenges they face, offering them the assistance they so desperately need and deserve, and championing their cause through education, services, research and advocacy. Uniting research, policy and practice, FCA established the National Center on Caregiving (NCC) to advance the development of high-quality, cost effective programs and policies for caregivers in every state in the country.

Review Date: June 09, 2011

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Institute for Safe Medication Practices

The Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP), based in suburban Philadelphia, is the nation’s only 501c (3) nonprofit organization devoted entirely to medication error prevention and safe medication use. ISMP represents over 35 years of experience in helping healthcare practitioners keep patients safe, and continues to lead efforts to improve the medication use process. To advance patient safety worldwide by empowering the healthcare community, including consumers, to prevent medication errors. The organization's mission is to advance patient safety worldwide by empowering the healthcare community, including consumers, to prevent medication errors. They accomplish this through their interdisciplinary efforts to: •Collect and analyze reports of medication-related hazardous conditions, near-misses, errors, and other adverse drug events. •Disseminate timely medication safety information, risk-reduction tools, and error-prevention strategies. •Educate the healthcare community and consumers about safe medication practices. •Collaborate with other patient safety organizations, educational institutions, governmental agencies and other healthcare stakeholders. •Advocate the adoption of safe medication standards by accrediting bodies, manufacturers, policy makers, regulatory agencies, and standards-setting organizations. •Conduct research to provide evidence-based safe medication practices.

Review Date: January 27, 2012

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National Reye's Syndrome Foundation

The National Reye's Syndrome Foundation (NRSF), founded in 1974, disseminates information to the public and the medical community and provides funds for basic research on Reye's syndrome. The Foundation supports basic scientific research into the cause and pathogenesis of Reye's syndrome through research grants to individual scientists and through a research laboratory grant, and encourages Federal funding of Reye's syndrome research. NRSF encourages State and territorial epidemiologists to make Reye's syndrome a reportable disease and encourages the maintenance of active surveillance by the Centers for Disease Control. The Foundation assists Federal and State agencies in obtaining data on Reye's syndrome cases and compiles statistics and data on the disease. Support and guidance is offered to families experiencing the syndrome. Emergency room posters have been distributed to encourage physicians to consider Reye's in the presence of certain symptoms. The Foundation also maintains a speakers bureau.

Review Date: October 11, 2011

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Stevens Johnson Syndrome Foundation

The Stevens Johnson Syndrome Foundation (The Julie Foundation) is a nonprofit organization established in 1995, dedicated to bringing public awareness and research to adverse drug reactions that cause Stevens Johnson Syndrome (SJS) and TEN (Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis) through the use of prescription and over the counter medications. The SJS Foundation was founded to be a resource to SJS victims and their families. The organization's mission is to provide support services, and compile and distribute valuable information about SJS to the public and medical professionals regarding treatments and therapies that prove beneficial to SJS sufferers. They work to promote public awareness about the signs of SJS so that a quick diagnosis can be made and the offending drug stopped as soon as possible.

Review Date: December 15, 2011

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