U.S. Department of Health and Human Services


Back Care

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health - NIOSH
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is a Federal agency established by the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 with responsibility for conducting research and making recommendations for the prevention of work-related illness and injuries. The Institute's day-to-day functions include: investigating potentially hazardous working conditions as requested by employers or employees; evaluating hazards in the workplace, ranging from chemicals to machinery; creating and disseminating methods for preventing disease, injury, and disability; and conducting research and providing scientifically valid recommendations for protecting workers.

Review Date: July 20, 2011

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NIH National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases - NIAMS

The mission of the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases is to support research into the causes, treatment, and prevention of arthritis and musculoskeletal and skin diseases; the training of basic and clinical scientists to carry out this research; and the dissemination of information on research progress in these diseases.

Review Date: July 20, 2011

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NIH National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases Information Clearinghouse

The clearinghouse provides information about various forms of arthritis and rheumatic disease and bone, muscle, and skin diseases in English, Spanish and Chinese. It distributes patient and professional education materials and refers people to other sources of information.

Review Date: July 20, 2011

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American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons

The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) is the world's largest medical association of musculoskeletal specialists, concerned with the diagnosis, care, and treatment of musculoskeletal disorders. The AAOS provides continuing education and practice management services for orthopaedic surgeons and allied health professionals. The Academy tracks socioeconomic and legislative measures affecting the quality, availability, and utilization of orthopaedic health care; and represents the interests of its members and their patients to government agencies. Services to the general public include public education programs addressing issues ranging from the effectiveness of safety belts to the prevention of lower back pain.

Review Date: November 03, 2011

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American Academy of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation

The American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation was founded to maximize the quality of life while minimizing the incidence, severity and prevalence of physical impairments and disabilities. The AAPM&R also promotes societal health and enhances the understanding of the field of physical medicine and rehabilitation. AAPM&R is the national medical specialty society of more than 6,500 physiatrists - physicians specializing in physical medicine and rehabilitation.

Review Date: August 27, 2008

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American Chiropractic Association

The ACA is a professional organization representing Doctors of Chiropractic. Its mission is to preserve, protect, improve and promote the chiropractic profession and the services of Doctors of Chiropractic for the benefit of patients they serve. The purpose of the ACA is to provide leadership in health care and a positive vision for the chiropractic profession and its natural approach to health and wellness. On behalf of the chiropractic profession, the ACA accomplishes its mission and purpose by affecting public policy and legislation, by promoting high standards in professional ethics and quality of treatment and by carrying out a dynamic strategic plan to help ensure the professional growth and success of Doctors of Chiropractic.

Review Date: January 12, 2012

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American Physical Therapy Association

The American Physical Therapy Association (APTA), is a national professional organization representing physical therapists, physical therapist assistants, and students throughout the United States. The Association's efforts are directed toward serving its members and the public by increasing the understanding of the physical therapist's role in the nation's health care system and by fostering improvements in physical therapy education, practice and research. Headquartered in Alexandria, Virginia, APTA works to fulfill its objectives in the areas of accreditation, clinical research, continuing education, legislative representation, minority and international issues, practice issues, publications, and more.

Review Date: January 19, 2012

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National Scoliosis Foundation

The National Scoliosis Foundation was founded in 1976 to heighten awareness of and stimulate action for scoliosis (lateral curvature of the spine) and other spinal deformities, including kyphosis (round back). It acts as a clearinghouse for information and materials about scoliosis and kyphosis. It also creates and promotes screening programs and carries on an educational program to promote public awareness of scoliosis.

Review Date: November 21, 2008

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North American Spine Society

The North American Spine Society (NASS) is a multidisciplinary organization for health care providers that advances quality spine care through education, research and advocacy.

Review Date: September 26, 2011

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Scoliosis Association, Inc.

The Scoliosis Association is a tax-exempt, nonprofit organization founded by scoliosis patients and their families. Among its goals is the education of the public about spinal deviations. The Association helps and sponsors chapters throughout the country; these are parent/patient support groups that hold regular meetings on topics ranging from social adjustment to nontechnical medical discussions. The Association is not a medical group, but it frequently arranges for medical professionals to attend meetings and participate in discussion sessions. Anyone can join a chapter. The Association supports early detection, screening, and research.

Review Date: October 17, 2011

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Scoliosis Research Society

The Scoliosis Research Society, founded in 1966, provides an international forum for those interested in the management of scoliosis and other spinal deformities. It holds a yearly meeting at which health professionals meet to share observations and results and to explore new avenues of research.

Review Date: August 26, 2008

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