Making small changes to your eating habits can make a big difference for your health. Here are some tips and tools you can use to get started.
Keep a food diary.
Knowing what you eat now will help you figure out what you want to change. Print this food diary [PDF - 36 KB] and write down:
- When you eat
- What and how much you eat
- Where you are and who you are with when you eat
- How you are feeling when you eat
For example, you might write something like:
"Tuesday 3:30 pm, 2 chocolate chip cookies, at work with Mary, feeling stressed."
Try this SuperTracker tool to plan and track your diet and physical activity.
Shop smart at the grocery store.
Try these tips the next time you go food shopping:
Use this healthy foods checklist to make your shopping list.
Read the Nutrition Facts label.
Understanding the Nutrition Facts label on food packages can help you make healthy choices.
- Look at the serving size and the number of servings per package.
- Check out the percent Daily Value (% DV) column.
- Try to keep saturated fat, trans fat, cholesterol, and sodium at 5% or less.
- Look for foods that have 20% or more of fiber, calcium, potassium, and vitamin D.
Click the picture below for more about how to read a Nutrition Facts label.
Use this interactive tool to practice using food labels to make healthy choices.
Be a healthy family.
Parents and caregivers are important role models for healthy eating. You can teach kids how to choose and prepare healthy foods.
If you have a family member who has a hard time eating healthy, use these tips to start a conversation about how you can help.
Eat healthy away from home.
You can make smart food choices wherever you are – at work, in your favorite restaurant, or out running errands. Try these tips for eating healthy even when you are away from home:
- At lunch, have a sandwich on whole-grain bread.
- Drink fat-free or low-fat milk, water, or 100% fruit juice.
- In a restaurant, choose dishes that are steamed, broiled, or grilled instead of fried.
- On a long drive or shopping trip, pack fresh fruit, unsalted nuts, or low-fat string cheese sticks to snack on.
Get more tips for eating healthy when dining out.
If you are worried about your eating habits, talk to a doctor.
If you need help making healthier food choices, your doctor or nurse can help. Be sure to take a food diary with you to help start the conversation.
What about cost?
Because of the Affordable Care Act, the health care reform law passed in 2010, health plans must cover diet counseling for people at higher risk for chronic diseases like type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure.
Depending on your insurance, you may be able to get diet counseling at no cost to you. Check with your insurance company to find out what’s included in your plan.
For information about other services covered by the Affordable Care Act, visit HealthCare.gov.
Manage your high blood pressure or diabetes.
If you or a loved one has high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, or heart disease, talk with your doctor about how to stay healthy. If you need to follow a special diet, check out these websites: