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Slow Reaction Times May Be Harbinger of Early Death

Study found the effect was not altered by age, sex, ethnicity, socioeconomic background or lifestyle.

Slow Reaction Times May Be Harbinger of Early Death

WEDNESDAY, Jan. 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Adults with slow reaction times may have an increased risk of early death, a new study suggests.

British researchers looked at more than 5,000 Americans, aged 20 to 59, who had their reaction times measured using a simple test in which they had to press a button when they saw an image appear on a computer screen.

The participants were then followed for 15 years. During the follow-up period, 7.4 percent of the participants died. Those with slower reaction times were 25 percent more likely to die from any cause than those with average reaction times.

This remained true after the researchers accounted for age, sex, ethnicity, socioeconomic background and lifestyle factors, according to the study, which was published in the current issue of the journal PLoS One.

There was no link between reaction time and risk of death from cancer or lung problems. And the study showed only an association between slow reaction times and early death; it did not prove a cause-and-effect link.

"Reaction time is thought to reflect a basic aspect of the central nervous system, and speed of information processing is considered a basic [mental skill]," lead researcher Dr. Gareth Hagger-Johnson, of the department of epidemiology and public health at University College London, in the United Kingdom, said in a university news release. "Our research shows that a simple test of reaction time in adulthood can predict survival."

"Reaction time may indicate how well our central nervous and other systems in the body are working," Hagger-Johnson said. "People who are consistently slow to respond to new information may go on to experience problems that increase their risk of early death."

"In the future, we may be able to use reaction times to monitor health and survival," he said. "For now, a healthy lifestyle is the best thing people can do in order to live longer."

More information

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention offers healthy living tips.

SOURCE: University College London, news release, Jan. 29, 2014

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